Male infertility is mostly associated with low sperm count. This condition is called oligospermia which means there is insufficient number of sperms in semen. It is also called oligozoospermia.
WHO has given the definition of low sperm count that is “concentration of sperm less than 20 million in 1 ml of semen in reproductive age of male refers as oligospermia”. Oligospermic is a person suffering from low sperm count.
But as a matter of fact that oligospermia may or may not link with the capacity to have sex and erection of penis. An oligospermic person may live and look healthy with all aspect of sexual life but it is harder to conceive but not impossible from him.
Types of oligospermia:
We divide it upon the severity of condition.
- Mild oligospermia- Concentration of sperms is in between 10-20 million in 1 ml semen.
- Moderate oligospermia- Concentration of sperms in between 5-10 million in 1 ml semen.
- Severe oligospermia- Concentration of sperms in between 0.5 to 5 million in 1 ml semen.
- Aspermia- Absence of sperm in semen.
Diagnosis of oligospermia:
Diagnosis of it is confirmed by microscopic examination of semen. For this procedure patient should not have sex/ masturbation /nightfall for at least 15 days before, otherwise, there would be natural oligospermia which can lead towards misdiagnosis. Microscopic Semen analysis provides detail of sperm percentage, mortality, and vitality, anatomical and morphological defects.
Cause of oligospermia:
Causes of low sperm count can be divided into three types.
1. Pre-testicular cause:
These are systemic health condition which makes testis unable to manufacture and maturation of sperms. Such as:
- Thyroid, other hormone problems
- Drugs, alcohol, smoking
- Excess physical work
- Chemical and metal agent– Pesticide, paint color material and metal cause metabolic defect which lead toward low sperm count.
2. Testicular causes:
In this condition, the testis is unable to produce sperms. Such as:
- Varicocele– 20% overall cause of male infertility is due to varicocele.
- Orchitis (inflammation of testis)
- Congenital malfunction and malformation of testis due to chromosomal defect.
- Activities that cause overheating of testicle– Prolong working in the hot environment or placing the laptop on your thighs causes an increase in temperature in testis.
3. Post-testicular cause:
- Obstruction in vas deference or ejaculatory duct.
- Prostate gland inflammation or BPH (benign prostate hyperplasia)
- Benign and cancerous growth
Oligospermia and infertility:
Oligospermia does not always lead towards infertility but the chances of conceiving are lesser than the normal couple. Some oligospermic people conceive normally.
The worst aspect of oligospermia is that it usually occurs with other sperms deformity. Oligospermic person mostly has less number of active sperm cells.
Oligospermia and pregnancy:
Oligospermic can have a child but it needs more knowledgeable sex timing for the match with ovulation, better sex position, and precautions after sex.
Treatments of oligospermia:
Treatment of oligospermia depends upon the causative disease. There is 4 line of treatment.
Treating systemic infection, diabetes, hypertension and other underlying diseases can help increase sperm count. Your doctor may also prescribe hormone replacement therapy for otherwise deficient person for some period of life.
Disease like hydrocele, varicocele, tumor or other obstruction needs surgical correction.
3. Supportive treatment:
Sperm production is a complex phenomena. Deficiency of mineral and vitamin causes oligospermia. Vitamin E is very necessary for germ cells to causes spermatogenesis. Minerals like zinc are responsible for fertilization and DNA stabilization. Supplements of vitamin, mineral and antioxidants are essential for oligospermia treatment.
4. Lifestyle changes:
- Quit smoking and alcohol.
- Do not wear tight cloth.
- Don’t place laptop over genital.
- Take appropriate nutrition and diet.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Massage with herbal oil.
Oligospermia natural treatment:
- Maca root (Lepidium meyenii)- Powder of maca root is extremely beneficial for reproductive health. Take 1 Tablespoon maca root powder with water or milk twice a day for 2 months or more.
- Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) – Ashwagandha is used for centuries in Ayurveda to treat male infertility. Take Extract of ashwagandha root in powder or tablet form with milk twice a day.
- Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) – Shatavari is good for the general health of male and female. It increases the chances of pregnancy for both partners. Shatavari can be used in powder form or in extract juice form.
- Garlic (Allium sativum)- Garlic is a natural aphrodisiac. It increases blood circulation in genital.
- Onion (Allium cepa) – Oozed juice of onion is very helpful for spermatogenesis. Take one spoon of juice with water. Onion should not be used with milk products.
- Honey- Use of honey is good for both partners. Honey is good for sexual pleasure. Its mineral and fructose make a good natural remedy for low sperm count.
- Gokchur ( Tribulus terrestris)-Gokchur is Indian medicine which has the potency to increase sperm count. Take 1 spoon of gokchur powder with milk on empty stomach.
- Milk of bargad (banyan tree or Ficus benghalensis) – Take 1 Tablespoon of milk of this tree with cow milk.
- Draksha or raisins (dry grapes) – Consume 10-20 black raisins soaked in water with milk before 2 hours from going into bed. It is a natural aphrodisiac.
- Bhindi or Lady finger or okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)- Ladyfinger is widely used for oligospermia. It is a cheap but highly effective remedy for oligospermia. Root extract powder of lady finger is used for oligospermia.
- Kesar or Saffron (Crocus sativus)- Saffron comes very costly and but its effects worth its cost. Take one pinch of saffron with hot milk at night for 1-2 months.
- Buffalo milk- In Ayurveda, ancient doctors believed that buffalo milk is more beneficial for sexually active person. It increases sperm count and sexual pleasure.
Oligospermia treatment in Ayurveda:
Oligospermia in Ayurveda can correlate with “retokchay” or “shukrakchay”. Formation of semen and sperm is controlled by shukradhara kala, pachak pitt, apan vayu and avalambak kapha. Vitiation of these tridosha due to imbalance diet and lifestyle causes shukrakchay or oligospermia. Treatment for vitiate tridosha not only treat low sperm count but it increases overall wellness. Ancient doctors of Ayurveda have used thousands of medicines for the treatment of low sperm count. Ayurvedic treatment for oligospermia is designed for permanent treatment of disease with no side effects. Here are few common Ayurveda combinations for low sperm count, please consult before taking them as these are common drug and every case require special regime.
- Musli paak
- Vidari paak
- Lakchmi vilas ras
- Ashwgandha powder
- Chandroday ras
- Manmatha ras
- Chandra prabha vati
- Shilajatvadi loh
- Kaamdev churn
- Madnadi vati
Above article is only for knowledge purpose. Please contact your healthcare provider before using any of above medicine or method. For any query or personal consultation according to your health condition Please Contact Us