Vaginal Discharge: Meaning, Causes, Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Are you experiencing some sort of vaginal discharge? Do you have itching or burning sensation?

Then it could be a sign of the underlying diseases or it could be normal.

Every woman has faced discharge from the vagina during her life. There are various types of vaginal discharge which indicate different health issues in a woman.

What does the discharge from your vagina indicate about your health?

To know this, go through this article!

Vaginal Discharge Meaning:

At first, let’s talk about that what vaginal discharge is? What does it consist?

So here comes the detailed meaning!

Vaginal discharge is a discharge coming out from vagina due to inflammation, Infection or physiological change in the female reproductive organ. In more common words, it is “the discharge coming from vagina”

The Vaginal discharge can be a normal phenomenon or it can be an indication of various other problems. On the basis of the color, smell, amount we can distinguish these discharges.

Normal Vaginal Discharge:

Do you know some sort of discharge is normal?

Amazed? Let’s talk about it in detail. 

Normal vaginal discharge is made of liquid, dead vaginal cells, mucus and Bartholin Gland secretions. It is odorless and scanty in amount. This does not cause any symptoms like itching, staining on clothes etc. Amount of discharge can vary depending on the timing of menstruation cycle as the discharge will increase just before and after the period.

So in short, Normal vaginal discharge is nothing but a process to clean vagina.

You don’t need to worry about this type of discharge.

Also Read: Benefits Of Rose Water for Skin, Hair, and Depression

Types of Vaginal Discharge:

The discharge could be of numerous types, according to causative factor. For better understanding, we can divide them into two main types.

These are those types of vaginal discharge on which you need to pay attention as they can be an indication of the disease.

1.      Pathological / Infectional vaginal discharge

The color of discharge indicates verity of the pathogen in the vagina.

  • Yellow discharge:

If you are experiencing dark or light yellow discharge then it means there is pus mixed with mucus. The pus is due to some infection in your genitals.

The dark or light color depends upon the amount of infection. The darker the color, the higher the infection.

  • Green discharge:

Green discharge is also an important symptom of vaginal infection. Both yellow and green discharge commonly found in bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and genital herpes.

  • Brown discharge:

Brown discharge is due to bleeding in the reproductive tract. Dark brown discharge contains clotted blood with mucus.

But brown discharge before period is a sign for the upcoming period.

In Hindi, it is also known as “Safed Pani”. This type of vaginal discharge is mostly odorless and consistency varies according to the underlying disease.

If you are having a watery discharge with itching, then it could be an indication of vaginal Candidiasis. but if the white discharge is thick in consistency (curdy, cheesy or milky white) then it could be a sign of vaginal Thrush.

Bloody discharge is the sign of bleeding either in the vaginal tract or upper reproductive system. Ovulatory bleeding caused by ovulation from the ovary.

Bloody discharge during first 3 months of pregnancy could be a sign of miscarriage.

  • Smelly discharge:

If you feel foul smell in your discharge then it is an indication of infection in vagina or cervix.

types of Vaginal Discharge

2.      Physiological vaginal discharge

  • Puberty discharge:

In this scenario, there is a sudden rise of estrogen level in blood which increases blood flow to the vagina. It causes a small amount of discharge with discomfort. It usually does not require any urgent medical attention.

  • Menopausal discharge:

Menopause occurs between the age of 50-55 years. In this period, level of female hormones fluctuates from peak to absence level. This produces lots of menopausal symptom with discharge. This will end with the time.

  • Vaginal Discharge during Pregnancy:

During Pregnancy, Estrogen level in blood increases. Thus, the blood supply in the vagina also increases which causes thick curdy discharge or clear watery discharge. It is normal but it is advisable to consult a physician because leakage of amniotic or water breaking is also possible during pregnancy.

  • Vaginal Discharge before periods:

Shading of the uterine wall, heaviness in abdomen, spasmodic pain all these pre-menstruation symptoms irritate the vagina and produce the watery discharge.

  • Vaginal Discharge after periods:

The increased amount of estrogen is responsible for discharge after periods.

Also Read- How To Get Pregnant: 10 Steps Plan For A Healthy Baby

How to diagnose:

Now we know that some sort of discharge is common in every female. But if you are facing the following symptoms along with the discharge then you need to seek medical attention as it could be sign of disease.

  • Itching in vagina and vulva
  • Burning sensation in the vagina
  • Pain during sex
  • Pain after sex
  • Heaviness in abdomen
  • Pain in Lower abdomen
  • Backache
  • Unusual appearance of the discharge

Vaginal discharge causes:

  • Vaginal discharge is body’s self-defiance mechanism to flush out infection and dead vaginal and cervix cell from the vagina.
  • Increase in the level of estrogen and progesterone may also produce the discharge.
  • Increase in the level of adrenaline produces the discharge.
  • Infection of bacteria, fungus, and yeast produces vaginal discharge like bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, etc.
  • Increase in blood supply to the vagina and vaginal gland causes vaginal discharge.
  • Sexual stimulation causes discharge.

Complications of vaginal discharge:

  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Uterine fibroid
  • Uterine Polyp
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Cervical cancer
  • Ovarian cyst
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Infertility
  • Thrush

ayurveda and vaginal discharge-min

Ayurveda and vaginal discharge:

In Ayurvedic literature, the vaginal discharge has been named as ”Pradar”. Charak Samhita (An Ancient foundational text on Ayurveda) describes 20 types of female vaginal problems. According to Ayurveda, It is the main symptom of the vaginal disease. Unhealthy lifestyle, which also includes dietary habits and sexual habits, vitiates “Tridosh” system of the body. Thus, it Increases the amount of Vaat. This Vaat with the combination of Pitt and Kapha produces vaginal discharge. As per the Ayurveda, pathophysiology of it is:

  • Tridosh– vaat, pitt increases, kapha vitiates from the main origin
  • Dhatu- asthi and majja (bone and bone marrow)
  • Sthan- kati and vanchan (Pelvic region)

Ayurvedic treatment of vaginal discharge /herbal treatment for vaginal discharge

  • Lodhra (symplocos racemos)
  • Ashok (saraca ashoka)
  • Pathaa(cissampelos pareira)
  • Usher (vetiveria zizizioides)
  • Tran panchmool (group of gramineae or grases)
  • Som (it is an ayurvedic composition)
  • Bol (myrrh)
  • Vang bhasm (ayurvedic preparation)
  • Trivang bhasm (ayurevedic prepration)
Disclaimer –

Above article is only for knowledge purpose. Please contact your healthcare provider before using any of above medicine or method. For any query or personal consultation according to your health condition Please Contact Us

Spread the love

8 thoughts on “Vaginal Discharge: Meaning, Causes, Types, Symptoms and Treatment”

  1. Superb information vd. Neha ji ancient science with modern view…. Helpful to every girl passing puberty to menopause…..congratulations from Vd. Virendra Modi (Ahmedabad)

  2. Dear Neha mam It is good to share knowledge for teens, and also helpful for Ayurveda and for treatment … Great.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *