The human vagina has numerous amounts of mucus glands. Secretion from these mucus glands through the vagina is known as vaginal secretion. This vaginal discharge is made of dead vaginal and cervical cells, liquid and some amount of bacteria. There are various types of vaginal discharge. Here we are going to explain Bloody Discharge.
Normal vaginal secretion:
Normal discharge from the vagina is odorless fluid which does not cause any discomfort. Amount of this can vary according to the hormonal cycle of the body, according to age, monthly menstruation cycle, and sexual arousal.
Abnormal vaginal secretion:
It is the most important symptom of underlying disease. Such as milky white discharge with intense itching could be a symptom of vaginal candidiasis. Yellow discharge or green discharge with systemic symptoms like mild fever burning micturition is a possible symptom of vaginitis or bacterial vaginosis.
Here are 15 possible causes of blood in discharge.
Bloody discharge before period:
Blood mucus discharge or spotting before actual menstruation starts is not an abnormal sign. it is due to low level of estrogen. Normally it is just a sign of your upcoming period.
Bloody discharge after period:
Blood coming out after cessation of menstruation is normal. It is raiment of previous cycle blood. It usually stops within 3-4 hrs.
Menopause occurs between the age of 50-55. In this period, there is fluctuation of hormones, which leads to dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Generally, it is common phenomena of menopause but it is advisable to go through the clinical examination to rule out any serious medical condition.
Ovulation occurs midway of your period. In this phenomenon, ovum oozes out from ovary which causes minor internal bleeding. This bleeding can come out with vaginal secretion. Its color can vary from dark brown to bright red, depending upon the amount of bleeding. This vaginal bloody discharge is self-limited and does not need any treatment.
Implantation bleeding / Implantation spotting:
Fertilized ovum implants in uterus wall which causes shading of the uterine wall on implantation site. Implantation spotting is a sign of pregnancy.
Spotting bleeding within first three months of pregnancy is the first sign of spontaneous abortion. This vaginal bleeding could be bloody discharge or bloody mucus discharge. Pregnancy bleeding is a medical emergency.
Birth control pills:
Birth control pills are the combination of female estrogen and progesterone. Accidentally missing one tablet can lead to discharge with blood. Sudden stoppage of these also interferes with hormonal level of blood that can cause bloody discharge.
Rejection of intrauterine contraceptive device also leads vaginal discharge and bloody discharge.
Vaginal infection and irritation:
Vast variety of microorganism can cause vaginitis, bacterial veganism, and vaginal thrush. These infections lead to vaginal yellow discharge. Trichomoniasis and Gonorrhea are sexually transmitted diseases. Untreated cases of infection lead to vaginal ulceration and vaginal bleeding.
Rough sex or sex bleeding:
Sometimes passionate sex can lead to vaginal ulceration that causes blood in discharge. Usually, this is self-limiting and only last for 2-3 hours.
Cervical cancer has the highest mortality rate. Vaginal bleeding after sex and bloody mucus discharge from vagina are two important signs of cervical cancer.
Implantation of fertilized ovum other than the uterine wall is known as ectopic pregnancy. This pregnancy cannot complete the full term and results in miscarriage. Profuse vaginal discharge and bloody discharge from vagina along with pain are symptoms of ectopic pregnancy.
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